Venäläisten vittumaiset vekottimet

Huhta

Greatest Leader
Joskus oli juttua sensoreista, jotka kuuntelisivat suihkumoottorin jylyä potentiaalisten lentotukikohtien läheisyydessä ja lähettäisivät siitä purskeena viestin eetteriin. No, se ei edes ollut kovin ihmeellinen agenttijuttu! Vahvistettu tieto kuvineen puuttuu, mutta lähde alapuoliselle keksinnölle on tiettävästi Viktor Suvorov.

On the subject of mines, we must mention a terrible spetsnaz weapon known as the Strela-Blok. This weapon was used in the second half of the 1960s and the first half of the 1970s. It is quite possible that by now it has been very substantially improved. In a sense it can be described as an anti-aircraft mine, because it operates on the same principle as the mine laid at the side of a road which acts against a passing vehicle. It is related to mines which are based on portable grenade-launchers which fire at the side of a tank or an armoured personnel carrier.

The Strela-Blok is an ordinary Soviet Strela-2 portable missile (a very exact copy of the American Red Eye). A spetsnaz group carries one or several of these missiles with it. In the area of a major airfield the launch tube is attached to a tall tree (or the roof of a building, a tall mast, a hayrick) and camouflaged. The missile is usually installed at a short distance from the end of the runway. That done, the group leaves the area. The missile is launched automatically. A clockwork mechanism operates first, allowing the group to retire to a safe distance, then, when the set time has run out (it could be anything from an hour to several days) a very simple sound detector is switched on which reacts to the noise of an aircraft engine of a particular power. So long as the engine noise is increasing nothing happens (it means the aircraft is coming nearer), but as soon as the noise decreases the mechanism fires. The infra-red warhead reacts to the heat radiated by the engine, follows the aircraft and catches up with it.

Imagine yourself to be the officer commanding an aircraft base. One plane (perhaps with a nuclear bomb on board) is shot down by a missile as it takes off. You cancel all flights and despatch your people to find the culprits. They of course find nobody. Flights are resumed and your next plane is shot down on take-off. What will you do then? What will you do if the group has set up five Strela-Blok missiles around the base and anti-infantry mines on the approaches to them? How do you know that there are only five missiles?
 

Huhta

Greatest Leader
Tarina kyllä särähtää korvaani, mutta näköjään Strela-2 käyttää jäähdyttämätöntä hakupäätä... eli jäähdytyskaasun määrä ei ole ongelma, jos vain virtaa riittää. Toisaalta kun Strelan hakupään näkökenttä on 1,9 asteen "mehupilli", niin vähän epäkäytännölliseltä vehkeeltä tuntuu. Tosin analogiana mainittakoon, että Sidewinderin hakupään saa halutessaan kääntyilemään satunnaisesti ja etsimään maalia näin laajemmalta alueelta. Periaatteessa Strela-Blokissa voisi siis olla vastaava ohjelmistomoodi, jossa hakupää skannaa hieman suurempaa aluetta ja hakupää nappaa kiinni havaitessaan maaliksi kelpaavan säteilylähteen.
 
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