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Eikö mitään muuta sivua olisi missä noi lukisi ? En ihan vaan periaatteesta haluaisi minkää sputnikin sivuilla käydä.


The Air Force Research Laboratory, or AFRL, is developing space-based solar power transmission capability using high-efficiency solar cells to collect the sun's energy, convert it to radio frequency, and beam it to earth.

"Energy is a strategic enabler and potential vulnerability for our nation and our Department of Defense" said U.S. Air Force Col. Eric Felt, director of AFRL's Space Vehicles Directorate. "To ensure DoD mission success we must have the energy we need at the right place at the right time."

Providing uninterrupted, assured, and agile power to expeditionary forces operating in unimproved areas such as forward operating bases would provide an advantage to US and allied forces.

"The Space Solar Power Incremental Demonstrations and Research (SSPIDR) Project is a very interesting concept that will enable us to capture solar energy in space and precisely beam it to where it is needed," Felt said. "SSPIDR is part of AFRL's 'big idea pipeline' to ensure we continue to develop game-changing technologies for our Air Force, DoD, nation, and world."

AFRL researchers are focused on developing and demonstrating some of the key technologies necessary to integrate into a conceptual space-based power beaming system. Northrop Grumman will partner with AFRL and has been awarded a contract valued at more than $100 million to develop and deliver the critical hardware elements to support space-based experiments into this leading-edge technology.


Suomi ja Yhdysvallat ovat tänään allekirjoittaneet avaruustilannekuvayhteistyötä koskevan yhteisymmärryspöytäkirjan. Suomea edusti ilmavoimien komentaja, kenraalimajuri Pasi Jokinen ja Yhdysvaltoja kontra-amiraali Marcus Hitchcock Yhdysvaltain avaruusesikunnasta (USSPACECOM).

Yhteisymmärryspöytäkirjan perusteella on tarkoitus vaihtaa Suomen ja Yhdysvaltain kesken julkista avaruustilannetietoa.

– Tilannetietoisuuden ja -ymmärryksen on ulotuttava kaikkiin taistelutilan ulottuvuuksiin, sillä tapahtumat maalla, merellä, ilmassa, avaruudessa sekä kyber- ja informaatioavaruudessa vaikuttavat toisiinsa, Jokinen toteaa.

– Avaruustilannekuvan merkitystä korostaa se, että avaruudessa toimii tänä päivänä jatkuvasti kasvava joukko sekä valtiollisia että kaupallisia toimijoita.

Kontra-amiraali Hitchcock on samoilla linjoilla.

– Avaruustilannetietoisuus on erittäin tärkeä kansallisen turvallisuuden kannalta niin Yhdysvalloissa kuin Suomessa. Avaruudessa on niin kaupallista, tieteellistä kuin sotilaallista toimintaa ja sitä pitää pystyä valvomaan organisoidusti.

– Pöytäkirja vahvistaa avaruusoperaatioiden avoimuutta, ennakoitavuutta ja läpinäkyvyyttä, Hitchcock korostaa.

Yhdysvallat on globaalisti keskeinen toimija avaruustilannetietoisuudessa ja sillä on vastaavanlaisia sopimuksia useiden muiden eurooppalaisten maiden kanssa. Yhdysvaltain avaruusesikunta aloitti toimintansa uudelleen tänä vuonna. Suomen puolustusvoimissa avaruustilakuva on ilmavoimien vastuulla. Ilmavoimat kehittää Suomen avaruustilannekuvakykyä yhdessä siviilihallinnon avaruustoimijoiden kanssa. Keskeisiä kansallisia yhteistyökumppaneita ovat Ilmatieteen laitos ja Maanmittauslaitoksen Paikkatietokeskus.

– Ilmavoimat tuottaa operaattorin roolissa avaruustilannekuvan, joka integroidaan osaksi puolustusvoimien yhteistä tilannekuvaa. Avaruustilannekuvaan perustuvaa tietoa avaruusesineiden sijainneista ja liikkeistä voidaan hyödyntää esimerkiksi puolustusvoimien oman toiminnan suunnittelussa ja suojaamisessa, kenraalimajuri Jokinen kertoo.


The United States has been refusing to launch negotiations on the initiative of Russia and China on preventing an arms race in space, Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov said.

"The United States remains practically the only side that refuses to launch discussions on the initiative introduced by Russia and China at the Conference on Disarmament and Prevention of an Arms Race in Outer Space," Lavrov said in an interview with the Rossiya 24 TV channel late on Friday.

Moscow and Beijing have offered to draft a binding international document that would outline guarantees that no weapons would be placed in orbit around the Earth and would include measures to prevent an arms race in space.

Lavrov noted that for nearly 20 years, Russia has been working on the creation of a verification mechanism for the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention (BTWC) but the United States had been blocking the creation of such mechanism.

Instead, the United States had been promoting the idea that the UN Secretariat could monitor the implementation of the convention, Lavrov continued.

This case is another example where the United States tries to promote its own interests and rules to replace a universal international legal mechanism, according to the Foreign Minister.

The BTWC was signed in 1972 and was the first international disarmament treaty. However, the lack of the implementation monitoring mechanism is believed to limit its effectiveness.


The Space Force could be added as the sixth branch of the US military, potentially coordinating Washington's capabilities in space and conducting warfare from there. However, this can only happen if the US Congress agrees to add it to the final version of the annual defence bill by the end of the year.

The future of Donald Trump's proposed Space Force remains uncertain, as fierce bicameral negotiations continue in the US Congress over the National Defence Authorisation Act (NDAA), which is the primary legislation for funding US military projects, The Hill reported.

The Space Force could become the sixth branch of the US military and be established under the Department of the Air Force. Its purpose would be to coordinate US military forces in space and oversee fighting capabilities in a bid to potentially counter threats from anti-satellite missiles.

While both the House and the Senate have acknowledged the necessity of Trump's long-proposed branch to be included in the final version of the bill, they have not agreed on the structure and name of the new service. The main problem, however, remains over negotiations between House Democrats and Senate Republicans on the construction of Trump's border wall and funding plans, which could potentially obstruct any agreement on the addition of a space branch of the armed forces to the bill, according to some officials.

Republican Senate Armed Services Committee Chairman James Inhofe earlier told The Hill that the Democrats were using the proposed branch as "leverage" in negotiations on other hotly debated issues.
"Space Force is the thing that they think the president wants the most, therefore, they can say, use that as leverage", Inhofe said on Wednesday. "But it hasn't worked".

Nevertheless, Several Republican and Democratic aides told the Associated Press on condition of anonymity that, in an apparent step closer to the creation of the Space Force, Donald Trump could agree to provide 12 weeks of paid parental leave to federal workers - which is currently unpaid - in exchange for support for the inclusion of the Space Force in the defence bill. The proposed parental leave amendment has been advocated for by many Democrats for a long time, including House Speaker Nancy Pelosi.

In the meantime, Inhofe introduced what is called a "skinny" version of the NDAA that Congress can rely on as a backup if lawmakers are not able to arrive at a compromise, which would include basic military funding necessities, but would not include funding for a space-focused military branch.

Some Democratic House representatives, such as House Armed Services Committee Chairman Adam Smith, are opposed to the "skinny" version of the bill as well, because of the things it potentially leaves out.

This has been echoed by Director of the Aerospace Security Project at the Centre for Strategic and International Studies Todd Harrison, who told the outlet US News that it would be quite "unfortunate if national security space issues become a partisan fight" between parties.

If the Space Force is included in the final version of the bill in the next few weeks and it is signed by the US president, the branch could become operational by 2023, according to officials.