https://survivalblog.com/surviving-urban-environment-part-5-j-m/Safety and Security (continued)
Let’s continue with our list of ways to improve our security in case of an emergency.
Know Maintenance People
Get friendly with your apartment’s maintenance people. Tell them you have an interest in or are taking a class in civil engineering and want to know more about your building’s systems. They can show you all of the hidden nooks and crannies in your building, particularly if it’s an older one. I had a friend who accidentally busted a hole in the wall of his apartment in an older building and discovered an unused dumbwaiter shaft behind it, which would have made a great emergency escape. Make sure you know how to access the roof (including from inside the elevator shaft) and are able to bypass any locks that may prevent you from doing so. Another good source of information would be your local Building Commission. In most municipalities builders have to file a copy of the blueprints. If it’s an older building that’s been modified or rebuilt there may be multiple iterations of blueprints.
Use Signs to Practice a Little Psychological Warfare
Put a biohazard sign and some quarantine tape on your door or the main building entrance. Fill some biohazard bags with clean trash and set them outside. For added realism, find a dead rat, chew up a corner of one of the biohazard bags with a sharp needle, and leave the rat on the floor next to it. It won’t fool everyone. But even the strongest thug will think twice about trying to get in, especially if the disaster involved has a biological component.
Use Adjacent Unoccupied Space for Entrance
If there is an unoccupied apartment adjacent to yours, make an opening in the adjoining wall/floor/ceiling and go in and out from that apartment. Cover up the opening between the apartments with furniture or rugs when not in use. Add some extra door security in the second apartment, and leave a window open or make an obvious opening to a third apartment. That way if someone follows you and breaks into the decoy apartment, they’ll think you just escaped out another way. Install some noise-making tripwires or booby traps, and make sure you obscure the trail to your secret entrance in the decoy apartment by walking around to cover up obvious footprints.
Track What’s Happening
Keep track of what’s happening around you. Talk to your neighbors while they’re still around. Watch out your window and go up to the roof regularly. Also, monitor events in the local area. Get a good set of binoculars or a monocular, and keep a log of what you see. Just make sure you practice “seeing, but not being seen”. Use your handheld scanner radio to listen in on radio broadcasts, and consider adding an extended antenna up the outside of your building or on the roof to increase your reception strength.
Weapons, Handgun and Shotgun
Let’s go back to the subject of weapons, specifically guns. In many locations, even if you can’t get a permit to carry a concealed handgun, you can still buy a firearm and keep it in your home.
For an urban environment with limited sight distances, a handgun is probably your best bet, since it’s small, light, and you can carry (and find) a lot of ammo. A shotgun would also be a good option. You can usually find a decent one for around $200. Don’t forget to stock up with a couple of hundred rounds of ammunition for each weapon, and practice regularly.
Weapons, Tactical Tomahawk
In addition to a firearm, a tactical tomahawk is also a good choice of weapon for an urban environment. They can be used to defend, chop wood, break through walls, and, with the right model, pry things open. Less-expensive alternatives are also available.
Body Armor and Ballistic Helmet
It’s not cheap, but consider investing in some body armor and a ballistic helmet. There are a ton of firearms already in most urban areas, and it could save your life once bullets start flying.
A city with no power and no lights will be extremely dark at night, and that’s probably the best time for you to go out if you need to dump trash, get water from the river, et cetera. Since using a flashlight will essentially make you a target, you should consider getting a night vision device. They’re also not cheap. A low end infrared unit, like the Bushnell Equinox Z, will cost around $200. Military-style night vision goggles can run in the thousands of dollars, and they all require some kind of battery to operate. However, it can make the difference between seeing a threat and being taken by surprise.
Adjusting to Natural Night Vision
If you need to go out at night and don’t have a night vision device, turn off any lights in your apartment well before you go out to allow your eyes to adjust. It takes your eyes around 10 minutes to partially adjust for night vision, 30-45 minutes for 80% adaption, and several hours for full night adaption.
If you do need to go out occasionally, vary your routine. Stagger the times and routes you take to reduce the chance of someone learning your pattern and planning an ambush.
Secure Access to Your Floor
Secure access to your floor by chaining or pinning the emergency stairway exit doors, blocking the main stairs with furniture or booby traps, and “locking” elevator doors with a couple of screws and some wire to keep someone from prying them open from inside the shaft. Blocking the main first floor entrance could also help. However, since someone can usually get into a first-floor apartment via a window, it’s probably not that useful.
Dealing with the Environment
No matter where you live, you’ll eventually have to deal with Mother Nature. If it’s summer time and you don’t have electricity, you’ll have to figure out how to stay cool. If it’s winter, you’ll have to get warm. You may also have to deal with smoke, dust, odors, et cetera. Below, you will find some ideas.
- Put up natural fabric curtains (cotton or linen) and put the bottoms into a container of water. If there’s any breeze coming through the curtains, the water will wick up and evaporate, which will help cool your apartment down.
- Stock some evaporative cooling towels.
- Use room darkening drapes, dark plastic, or even aluminum foil over the windows to keep the sun from heating up your apartment.
- Consider sleeping in a hammock. It allows cooling evaporation around your entire body at night. Make sure you have a solid way to hang it up.
- Leave windows open at night (without turning any lights on or making any noise) to cool down, and close them during the day.
- Minimize your activity during the hottest parts of the day.
- Stock up on and mix electrolyte hydration powder into your drinking water to replace what your body sweats out.
- Stock up on blankets. You can frequently find inexpensive fleece ones on sale for a few dollars at Walmart or your local drug store, or check out second-hand shops.
- It’s a lot easier to warm a smaller space, so try to limit yourself to a single small room, like your bedroom. Tape plastic sheeting over any windows to add another insulating air space. Cover windows, doors, and exterior walls with blankets to add even more insulation. Don’t forget that if your apartment gets below freezing, your water supply may freeze. So keep as much of it in your warmer living space as possible.
- Your alcohol stove or some candles can be burned for short periods to add some warmth. Just be careful about asphyxiation.
- Those shiny survival blankets actually do a good job of reflecting heat back to your body. Get a decent one that will last more than one or two uses.
- Consider using a cold-weather mummy-style sleeping bag instead of regular bed covers.
- Due to the potential downsides, I’m hesitant to include a small wood-burning stove, but it’s an option. You can make an inexpensive one yourself out of an old military ammo can. Just search the web for “ammo can stove”. You’ll find a lot of articles on how to do it. Just keep some things in mind:
- You’ll need to vent it outside, so you’ll have to drill a hole through a wall or a window cover for the hot exhaust pipe. Ensure it doesn’t come into contact with anything flammable, too.
- Unless all the components of the stove are well-sealed, you run the risk of asphyxiation from leaking gasses when using it in an enclosed space. The stove also needs oxygen to burn, and it will draw it in from your room, so make sure your room isn’t completely airtight.
- Finding wood to burn may be difficult but not impossible. Wooden pallets in the back of stores, lumber at construction sites, furniture, and trees are all potential sources. Make sure you stock a small folding saw, if you choose to do this.
- Wood smoke can be smelled for miles away in the cold winter air, so it will draw people towards your location. On the other hand, if there are any other people alive, they’ll probably be burning stuff to stay warm too.
- The risk of something catching fire is pretty high. You’ll need to keep a fire extinguisher or a bucket of sand close by.
- If you live in a city that gets lots of snow, consider taking up snowshoeing as a hobby. It’s great for fitness and will help you get around once the snow clearing services stop.
If there’s smoke or dust in the air but you need to have your windows open, cover them with some cloth to act as a filter. If you’re concerned about breathing contaminated air due to a gas or biological attack, consider building and storing an air filter fan. You’ll need AC power for this to work, so either your power has to be on or you could use a battery power station to run it for a few hours. You’ll also need to store plenty of sheet plastic and duct tape to seal your apartment off.
While not absolutely critical, the ability to charge and use small, powered devices (like a security camera) can make survival in an urban apartment a lot more viable. A small tablet loaded with books, movies, and games can help keep you sane, and a portable solar charger isn’t that expensive. You can find a wide variety of rechargeable batteries that you can charge with the solar panel, or you can charge up a USB battery bank and use that to charge your other devices. There are also various types of collapsible solar-charged lanterns available that can run for hours on a single charge. Check out the MPOWERD Luci and Solight Solarpuff, for some examples. If you do get a scanner radio, make sure you also have the ability to recharge it or its batteries from a USB power source.
You could also buy a small generator. But keep in mind that they’re noisy and have to be run in a well-ventilated space (preferably outdoors). Additionally, gas and oil storage in an urban environment is can be difficult, although there will probably be a lot of cars around that you can siphon gas from.
Mental health may be a challenge. Staying sane during and after a disaster may be more difficult than staying physically healthy, especially if you’re alone. The stress of having your normal world turned upside down can be debilitating, and having to adjust to a completely new and dangerous reality (even temporarily) may be too much for some people. Note that up to this point I’ve been focusing mostly on survival for a single person. If you want to include someone else, like family, a friend, a roommate, or a significant other in your preparations, having another person to interact with can ease your mental burden. Just be aware that after a few weeks cooped up together in a small apartment, your attitudes towards each other may change. Additionally, you’ll need to stock significantly more supplies to support them. My general attitude is that if a person materially contributes to your preparation activities then they should be allowed to benefit from them.
Staying Mentally Healthy
Here are some suggestions for staying mentally healthy:
- Develop and follow a schedule for your daily indoor activities. This can provide some needed structure.
- Since physical and mental health are tightly intertwined, you should develop and follow a regular exercise routine. Tai Chi is a good art to practice, since it helps with physical and mental health as well as self defense. Avoid high-energy and high-impact activities, since these will burn a lot of calories and tend to make a lot of noise.
- Stock a digital tablet and load it up with eBooks. There are tons of free eBooks available on the Internet. Just search for “free ebooks”. Reading can be very relaxing, and it will help fill your time productively. You can even find a daily-updated list of free survival-related eBooks on Amazon here. Just remember that your eBooks have to be stored locally on your tablet, storage card, or a USB drive. They won’t do you any good, after a disaster, if they’re stored on Amazon’s cloud.
- Pick up a hobby, like wood carving or drawing. Don’t forget to stock up on supplies.
- Learn and practice meditation.
- Read the Bible.